The main idea is that the telling and re-telling of experience by means of guided questioning can facilitate change and more realistic perspectives, and open up possibilities for the client to see themselves in a more helpful way in relation to the issues brought to therapy.
The therapist would ask about the clients here and now experiences as well as a history of the problems. Other questions would be about their history of being in a family system and how this creates a story about oneself, which is then carried over into other contexts.
The main emphasis in therapy is on language and it?s meaning to individuals, how this can create change and the creation of ideas. Therapy involves freeing the client from a particular kind of account or ‘story’, and opening the way to alternatives of greater possibility and promise.
This type of counselling allows the client to guide themselves through the episode rather than being led by the professional. This theory suggests that sessions should not be directive and the counsellor should be a source of understanding and encouragement rather than the problem solver. The Person-Centred approach allows clients to move at their own pace and to direct their own development. This means they are aware that the counsellor believes in their capability to manage problems, which encourages them to believe in their strengths, values and worth.
An individual’s self-concept is an important issue in this type of counselling; if someone has been brought up around negative experiences or interactions, it is likely that the person’s self-concept will be damaged. With this method, it is not the counsellor’s task to direct or diagnose the individual; their role is to listen, understand and accept in a non-judgemental manner, thus allowing the clients to help themselves. This is thought to be extremely beneficial in repairing a person’s self-concept.
The relationship created between the therapist and client is extremely important and the counsellor must adhere to specific healing characteristics in order for the outcome to be successful. The counsellor must empathise with the individual, offering honesty and no matter how the client acts, the same positive, kind feelings must be portrayed at all times.
If you would like further information please call the Practice and ask to speak to any of the Counselling Team who will ensure that you are directed to the appropriate practitioner.